Bowlby HD, Hammerschlag N, Irion DT and Gennari E (2022) How continuing mortality affects recovery potential for prohibited sharks: The case of white sharks in South Africa. Frontiers in Conservation Science 3:988693. doi: 10.3389/fcosc.2022.988693; https://doi.org/10.3389/fcosc.2022.988693
Hammerschlag N, Fallows C, Meÿer M, Seakamela SM, Orndorff S, Kirkman S, Kotze D, Creel S. (2022). Loss of an apex predator in the wild induces physiological and behavioural changes in prey. Biology Letters; 18: 20210476 https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/10.1098/rsbl.2021.0476
Hammerschlag N, Williams L, Fallows M, Fallows C. (2019) Disappearance of white sharks leads to the novel emergence of an allopatric apex predator, the sevengill shark. Scientific Reports; 9, 1908.
Skubel RA, Kirtman BP, Fallows C, Hammerschlag N (2018). Patterns of long-term climate variability and predation rates by a marine apex predator, the white shark Carcharodon carcharias. Marine Ecology Progress Series 587:129-139.
Hammerschlag N, Meÿer M, Seakamela S M, Kirkman S, Fallows C, Creel S. (2017) Physiological stress responses to natural variation in predation risk: evidence from white sharks and seals.Ecology, 98: 3199–3210.
Fallows C, Fallows M, Hammerschlag N. (2016). Effects of lunar phase on predator-prey interactions between white shark (Carcharodon carcharias) and Cape fur seals (Arctocephalus pusillus pusillus ). Environmental Biology of Fishes; 99(11): 805-812.
Fallows C, Gallagher AJ, Hammerschlag N (2013). White Sharks (Carcharodon carcharias) Scavenging on Whales and Its Potential Role in Further Shaping the Ecology of an Apex Predator.PLoS ONE 8(4): e60797. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0060797.
Martin RA, Hammerschlag N. (2012). Marine predator-prey contests: Ambush and speed versus vigilance and agility, Marine Biology Research. 8:1, 90–94
Fallows C, Martin RA, Hammerschlag N. (2012). Comparisons between white shark-pinniped interactions at Seal Island (South Africa) with other sites in California (United States). In: Global Perspectives on the Biology and Life History of the White Shark, ed. Michael L. Domeier, Chapter 9, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.
Hammerschlag N, Martin RA, Fallows C, Collier R, Lawrence R. (2012). Investigatory Behavior towards surface objects and Non-consumptive Strikes on Seabirds by White Sharks (Carcharodon carcharias) at Seal Island, South Africa (1997–2010 In: Global Perspectives on the Biology and Life History of the White Shark, ed. Michael L. Domeier, Chapter 8, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.
Martin RA, Rossmo DK, Hammerschlag N. (2009). Hunting patterns and geographic profiling of white shark predation. Journal of Zoology, 279: 111–118.
Hammerschlag N, Martin RA, Fallows C. (2006). Effects of environmental conditions on predator-prey interactions between white sharks (Carcharodon carcharias) and Cape fur seals (Arctocephalus pusillus pusillus) at Seal Island, South Africa. Environmental Biology of Fishes 76: 341–350.
Martin RA, Hammerschlag N, Collier R, Fallows C. (2005). Predatory Behaviour of White Sharks (Carcharodon carcharias) at Seal Island, South Africa. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the UK, 85: 1121–1135.
Hammerschlag N. (2004).Factors affecting predatory success of White Sharks (Carcharodon carcharias) at Seal Island in False Bay, South Africa. Nova Southeastern University Publication, Masters Thesis, 85 pp
Predator-prey interactions are of central importance in ecology, with important implications for population dynamics, management, and conservation. Sharks are top predators in many marine communities, yet few studies have quantified or determined those factors influencing their distribution and hunting behavior. However, studies of large shark foraging behavior are important for understanding the ecology of these species and are particularly important at this time in light of steep declines in their populations (e.g. Baum et al.,2003; Dulvy et al., 2008) and the recent realization that they may have important structuring roles in marine communities. Excerpted from Martin, Rossmo & Hammerschlag. (2009, Journal of Zoology, 279: 111-118)